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Without the freedom to make critical remarks, there cannot exist sincere flattering praise - Beaumarchais.

NOEUD DE CAPELAGE OR JURY RIG KNOT


Question :
Is it a practical tool which has been used at sea
or is it only an ornamental feature ?

I launched an investigation of the topic and ended drawing this 'practical' project.

In my mind there is no doubt : possibly it may be a practical knot .
I hope this 'investigation' indicates that it is indeed a plausible practical knot.

These ( one, two, three, four ) models from  Le Musée National de la Marine in Paris show
that it was usual for ships to carry spare masts in the 17th and 18th.

In Concarneau ( Brittany ) in Le Musée de la Pêche I found some 'simple' rigs that make the
Jury rig plausible 'in the field' or rather 'at sea'...

First two drawings
(low light and the need to respect as far as possible the "no photography" signs, even if I
got tolerance made photographies the second choice over attentive drawing, though I am no
artist. The more so because the use of a flash would have been impolite towards other
visitors.)
are from an old traditional fishing boat of Le Golfe du Morbihan. : un canot à misaine  /
mizain sloop (?)

Last three drawings are of  'une baleinière des Açores' / Azorean whale boat (akin to the
Bedford's ones I am told ) .
You will note that there is no abutment, it is just the irregularity of the mast, the ever so slight
taper and the tension that keep it in place.

Both  boats are authentic pieces of the early 20th for the mizain sloop and 19th/20th for the
whaler that actually killed whales. 
It was a killing instrument and no museum piece in the first part of its life.
As for the mizain sloop it show much signs of having worked heavily.

It was then, at that time and in these activities, essential that most of the time and attention on board could be devoted to the fishing or the hunt and that the manoeuvre of rigging be kept
at the minimal level.



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ANOTHER MISS OF ABoK ?

NOEUD DE RABAN DE CUL DE CHALUT  /  COD END KNOT/COD LINE
KNOT
Noeud de raban de cul de chalut  is literally " Trawl's ass's roband knot
 

No impropriety there.
It is the very official appellation that figures in European Directives for Fishing !

Directives allow that the roband may be unique or multiple but make it compulsory that the
knot be a "quick release" to be undone just by pulling on its tails..

The 'cul de chalut', cod-end,  is the bag  or pouch end part of a trawl.

When it has been pulled on board undoing this special knot that kept it closed during the
trawling time allow the catch to be emptied on the deck to be immediately "treated".

April 2006, Brittany, Douarnenez, I met with this picture, small, badly focused
with no diagram accompanying it. (I learned later that it is from a Chasse-Marée book)

I set to decipher the photography then to draw what I thought  I was seeing of the knot.

Then I 'imagined' the construction that is in this diagram and tested it 'in the rope'.

It is quite different from the knot the Anglo-saxon appear to use that I found evoked at
that time on the Net on fishery sites as a chain like zipper but without depiction.
A depiction  of which I am not all that sure that it has been verified in the field can be
found on a quality site : Roo's

September 2006 Brittany, CONCARNEAU with a stupendous Musée de la Pêche,
more than a third of a century old, in la Ville Close,  conceived by locals.
(this is the first fishing harbour of France by the tonnage sold in 'La Halle à Marée' : the
professional market ).

Only authentic pieces or documentation are allowed there, no fantasy, these men are
living by, with and from the sea. They are very proud of their museum and  of its library
which boast one of the very scarce original edition of Traité Général de la Pesche by DUHAMEL DU MONCEAU.

Among other curiosities that will make other topics here was
another Noeud de raban seemingly different from the preceding one.

No diagram is exposed and none of my two helpers at the Musée, M. LECUIR 'General
 secretary and jack of all trades' and M. BECHUT the Directeur was able to give me the
diagram, the knot having been made by a professional trawler man.
They get here my renewed thanks.
I can certify to any one being in Western Europe that this Museum is well worth the visit .
You will learn a mass of things about fishing and boats.

Using this set of photographies I 'imagined' this diagram.( kind implicit tolerance to shot them as
I was seen while making good use of paper, pencil and school book to draw and take notes here an
there. - not only were they kind about that but they gave me an outstandingly friendly help and bent
backward to help me.  For instance I got , without having a RV, to be let alone with the fabled Traité des
Pesches (now it is Pêches as the "s" became " ^") written by one outstanding mind of "Le Siècle des
Lumières" / The Enlightment period, DUHAMEL DU MONCEAU )


Some few days after coming back from my trip to Concarneau serendipity made it that I
happened to find two books :

- - -" Le Chalut' ( The Trawl ) 1964 2nd edition reviewed and augmented -by C.
NEDELEC and L. LIBERT published by Institut Scientifique et Technique Des Pêches
Maritimes with a wealth of drawings.
2 versions of the knots was there.
- a quick release type : drawing and diagram, diagram-2
- a "fast" without quick release : drawing and diagram, diagram-2
( drawings and diagram are mine, and the drawings are after NEDELEC's illustrations )

Almost immediately after I found
- - - Le Grand Métier (1977), By Jean RECHER ( RIP) a " Capitaine Terre Neuvas, with
 the drawings of NEDELEC & LIBERT reproduced.

A very short time later I happen to find Anh GLOUX-BOCLE quick release version .

Then I found this on the Net.
If link does not work, but only for that reason, get it here, it is a "quote" from the site, but
you will miss a highly interesting visit if you miss the Net link.
A wealth of information is there about trawling.

Could be an identical way to do it or a slightly different method, time and study in the rope
will tell.

I am now on the trail of other 'overseas' versions (in particular USA and Tasmania) or of
other ways that French fishermen use. (added Oct 2007 : all to no avail yet)

FCB ( Frank Charles Brown ) at my asking interrogated one of his friends, ex-owner of a
netting fabric about it : name is cod end buster knot.
[Begin quote]
My friend from the netting industry responded quickly, but did not have a lot to impart.
Note the name he used--- subject of e-mail.
He said the knots he knows of are variations on Chain Stitch/ Monkey Knot.
He did not give me a reference so I looked in ABoK. # 2868. #2559, #1144 are
associated with the terms Monkey and Chain, but not immediately obvious how applied.
 First assumption is lots of friction holding knot in place till spilled by tugging standing part.
Echoes of Highwayman's Hitch???
Dave says deep water fishers catching serious amounts/tonnage's now use mechanical
closers.

[End quote]
At least that confirm the sort of knot that is/was in use in Australia.

The mechanical device is allowed by the European directives but I have still to see one in
Brittany.

Summary in pictures.

This is the situation at the very end of 2006 Sept.

....to be continued....

10th October 2006
New find thanks to the kind and knowledgeable helping hand of ( again )
Joe SCHMIDBAUER (Knot News , Igkt PABT Editor, by the way why don't you join us?)  who was kind enough to send me Knot News N° 47 issued in January 2005,( author being one Pieter Van De GRIEND)  knots shown in it are different from the ones I have encountered.
I cannot just 'extract' the drawings there so will make my own  'after' them and do diagrams
and 'real knots.
...to be continued...

Added 2007, January 23 ...No not to be so...

After much pondering following what scant contact I have had with this author I am rather
under the impression that my attempt  have glanced off someone rather reticent, to say the
least, at the very idea of  lending his works to such a web site.

So I decided not to even make use of perfectly lawful " drawings after..." that do not need
permission but violate the insulting and rejecting intent of the person.
Leave well enough alone those who do not want dealings with you is one of my life rules.
Today proveb ( Japanese ) :
The darkest place is at the foot of the lighthouse.


added 2008 Sept 10th
Thanks to Atribord : taken in St Pierre et Miquelon : traditional cod end in cordage
picture one
picture two
picture three

Thanks to Dan_Lehman :  taken  on the Cape May part of the Eastern coast of the USA
(Lower Township)  :
a mechanical cod end

Go to page 2 of  investigation


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Copyright 2005 Sept - Charles Hamel /  -
Overall rewriting in August 2006 . Copyright renewed. 2007-2012 -(each year of existence)

Url : http://charles.hamel.free.fr/knots-and-cordages/